Customized spam score for RBL listed senders

Customized spam score for RBL listed Senders

   KB 24126        Last updated on 2022-04-6  

(0 votes)


Add positive/negative spam score to the email if senders IP listed in the RBLs.


RBLs will work at MTA(postfix) level so, if sender IP is listed in the RBL then the email will be rejected by MTA (when RBLs enabled) without any notification to the recipient. To allow email without compromising security check, disable RBL check at MTA level and enable at Amavis level (Spam assassin).

Steps to follow

NOTE: This is a customization and needs to be tested first on the test environment before implementing on production. Also these changes may not survive an upgrade.

Step 1:

  • Remove required RBLs at MTA level if enabled.
Note: If RBLs not enabled at MTA level then this step can be skipped.
  • Global level configuration.
zmprov mcf -zimbraMtaRestriction "reject_rbl_client <RBL Address>"
zmprov mcf -zimbraMtaRestriction "reject_rbl_client"
  • Server level configuration
zmprov ms `zmhostname` -zimbraMtaRestriction "reject_rbl_client <RBL Address>"

Step 2:

  • Edit spam assassin configuration file /opt/zimbra/conf/, and add lines in below syntax for RBL lookup.
header CUSTOM_LOOKUP eval:check_rbl('<RBL name>','<RBL Address>')
describe CUSTOM_LOOKUP Entries listed in <RBL Address> RBL
score CUSTOM_LOOKUP <Score>
Note: CUSTOM_LOOKUP is a key for this definition, so keep this same for every line. 2.0 is a positive SPAM score, to give negative spam score use -2.0.
Rule -1:
header CUSTOM_LOOKUP_5 eval:check_rbl('spam','')
describe CUSTOM_LOOKUP_5 Entries listed in RBL
score CUSTOM_LOOKUP_5 2.0
Rule -2:
header CUSTOM_LOOKUP_6 eval:check_rbl('recent','')
describe CUSTOM_LOOKUP_6 Entries listed in RBL
score CUSTOM_LOOKUP_6 -2.0

Step 3:

  • Restart Amavisd, MTA services.
zmamavisdctl restart
zmmtactl restart


The below is a sample message header when the sender IP is RBL listed.

X-Spam-Status: No, score=1.451 required=6 tests=[CUSTOM_LOOKUP_5=2, CUSTOM_LOOKUP_6=-2, DKIM_SIGNED=0.1, DKIM_VALID=-0.1]

Submitted by: Raghu Noti
Verified Against: ZCS 8.8.15, ZCS 9.0 Date Created: 2020-07-28
Article ID: Date Modified: 2022-04-06

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