Testing: Selenium: ZimbraSelenium Tips

Revision as of 23:48, 4 May 2011 by Matthew Rhoades (talk | contribs) (Translation: xpath to css)

General Information

This page details some helpful tips regarding usage of the Zimbra Selenium Harness

Code

Selenium

Preferred Locator Formats

Using the most optimal locators is crucial for cross-browser compatibility. IE is notoriously slow for processing xpath locators. As per the Selenium documentation, the preferred format of locators is:

  1. by CSS (i.e. locator="css=a[href='#id3']")
  2. by xpath (i.e. locator="//a(@href='@id3']")
  3. by Identifier (i.e. locator="DWT233")
Translation: xpath to css

For those familiar with xpath but not css, here are some tips for translation.

xpath css preferred description
"xpath=//div[@id='foo']" "css=div#foo" "css=div#foo" div with id equals "foo"
"xpath=//tr[contains(@attr,'partial']" "css=tr[attr*='foo']" "css=tr[attr*='foo']" attr contains foo
- "css=tr[attr^='foo']" "css=tr[attr^='foo']" attribute starts with foo
- "css=tr[attr$='foo']" "css=tr[attr$='foo']" attribute ends with foo
xpath=(//div[@id='foo'])@class "css=div[id='foo']@class" sGetAttribute("css=div[id='foo']@class") CSS format for sGetAttribute()
xpath=//div//table "css=div table" "css=div table" descendant
xpath=//div/table "css=div>table" "css=div>table" child

Links

See http://saucelabs.com/blog/index.php/2010/01/selenium-totw-css-selectors-in-selenium-demystified/

See http://saucelabs.com/blog/index.php/2010/03/selenium-tips-finding-elements-by-their-inner-text-using-contains-a-css-pseudo-class/

See http://www.ivaturi.org/home/hackingseleniumtoimproveitsperformanceonie


Verified Against: unknown Date Created: 11/7/2007
Article ID: https://wiki.zimbra.com/index.php?title=Testing:_Selenium:_ZimbraSelenium_Tips Date Modified: 2011-05-04



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