SSL certificates per domain
|This article applies to the following ZCS versions.|
This document explains how to add per domain SSL certificate on a ZCS.
Note: This feature will not enable domain certificate for smtps connections. RFE #50127
Until ZCS 6.x, per domain ssl certificate or multiple ssl certificates on a single ZCS was not supported. RFE #8128. This feature has been introduced in ZCS 7.x.
In this example, I am adding a new domain called example.com and deploying a new certificate for example.com.
Note: When ZCS-9.x is released, there's no need to configure zimbraVirtualIPAddress per domain anymore as zimbra proxy supports SNI (zimbraReverseProxySNIEnabled needs to be switched to TRUE for this) RFE #56178
- Zimbra proxy service must be installed and enabled on the server. In multi server environment, do these steps on the proxy node.
- You should have a signed certificate + matching key pair and the trusted chain certs from your CA (Certificate Authority) .
- You will need to add ipv4 addresses per domain which will pair to the respective domain name. For example:
188.8.131.52 => example.com 184.108.40.206 => otherdomain.com 220.127.116.11 => yetanotherdomain.com
Configuring IP address and domain
1. Add a new ipv4 address to the server which will pair to name example.com (via the example virtual hostname mail.example.com). You can do it using IP address aliasing. For example, the new address can be assigned to eth0:1 device. Lets consider the new ipv4 address is 18.104.22.168 which should be an A record for mail.example.com. The IP address could be public (if server is on Internet) or internal (if the server is behind firewall/NAT'ed).
2. Add the new domain example.com. Set zimbraVirtualHostName to mail.example.com and zimbraVirtualIPAddress to 22.214.171.124. Make sure the zimbraVirtualHostName is set to the name which will be used to access the domain (URL) and the SSL certificate is signed for same name.
zmprov cd example.com zimbraVirtualHostName "mail.example.com" zimbraVirtualIPAddress "126.96.36.199"
NOTE: Step 1 is not needed and no need to configure zimbraVirtualIPAddress in step 2 for the domain if you intend to use SNI functionality instead of requiring a separate virtual IP per domain (zimbraReverseProxySNIEnabled needs to be switched to TRUE for this). If the server is behind firewall and NAT'ed with external address, make sure the external requests for "mail.example.com" hits the aliased IP address and not the actual local IP of server.
Verifying and Preparing the Certificates
We have three files received from the CA. The server (domain) certificate, two chain certs. And we have existing key file (which was used to generate the csr)
1. Save the example.com certificate, key and chain files to a directory /tmp/example.com. You can receive single or multiple chain certs from your CA. Here we have two chain certs from the CA. i.e. example.com.root.crt and example.com.intermediate.crt.
ls /tmp/example.com example.com.key example.com.crt example.com.root.crt example.com.intermediate.crt
2. Add the chain certs to a single file called example.com_ca.crt
cat example.com.root.crt example.com.intermediate.crt >> example.com_ca.crt
3. Confirm if the key and certificate matches and chain certs completes the trust.
/opt/zimbra/bin/zmcertmgr verifycrt comm /tmp/example.com/example.com.key /tmp/example.com/example.com.crt /tmp/example.com/example.com_ca.crt
- Check the output, it should say something like this. If not, make sure you have correct key and chain cert files.
** Verifying example.com.crt against example.com.key Certificate (example.com.crt) and private key (example.com.key) match. Valid Certificate: example.com.crt: OK
Deploying the Certificate on domain
1. Add the domain certificate and chain files to a single file called example.com.bundle
cat example.com.crt example.com_ca.crt >> example.com.bundle
2. Run following to save the certificates and key in ldap database.
/opt/zimbra/libexec/zmdomaincertmgr savecrt example.com example.com.bundle example.com.key
- The syntax is:
/opt/zimbra/libexec/zmdomaincertmgr savecrt <domainname> <certificate with chain certs> <keyfile>
3. Run following to deploy the domain certificate. This will save the certificate and key as /opt/zimbra/conf/domaincerts/example.com
4. Make sure the example.com is resolving to its local IP address from Zimbra host. Or make an similar entry in /etc/hosts file.
- zimbraReverseProxyGenConfigPerVirtualHostname should be set to TRUE in server and global config.
zmprov gs SERVERNAME zimbraReverseProxyGenConfigPerVirtualHostname zmprov gacf zimbraReverseProxyGenConfigPerVirtualHostname
Use these command to set it to TRUE.
zmprov ms SERVERNAME zimbraReverseProxyGenConfigPerVirtualHostname TRUE zmprov mcf zimbraReverseProxyGenConfigPerVirtualHostname TRUE
Re-write and restart Proxy
- Restart the proxy to re-write the changes to proxy config
- Once the restart is successfull, try to access the domain using the URL which is set in "zimbraVirtualHostName" over https. And check the certificate loaded in the browser. In this case the URL will be https://example.com
Run this command locally on zimbra server to check if the correct domain cert is offered while accessing the domain with "zimbraVirtualHostName" or "zimbraVirtualIPAddress"
openssl s_client -connect example.com:443
openssl s_client -connect 188.8.131.52:443
- If you do not see domain cert by accessing the domain with its zimbraVirtualHostName (example.com). Make sure the https connection from Internet/intranet is going to server's local IP address which is defined in zimbraVirtualIPAddress.
- If the proxy startup gives following error, try to change the order of certificates in /opt/zimbra/conf/domaincerts/example.com.crt file and restart proxy.
Starting nginx...nginx: [emerg] SSL_CTX_use_PrivateKey_file("/opt/zimbra/conf/domaincerts/example.com.key") failed (SSL: error:0B080074:x509 certificate routines:X509_check_private_key:key values mismatch)
- If you are using multiple proxy servers or adding new proxy servers, make sure you copy all the contents of /opt/zimbra/conf/domaincerts/ among all proxy servers. Otherwise proxy service will fail to start.