Installing a LetsEncrypt SSL Certificate

Installing a Let's Encrypt SSL Certificate

   KB 22434        Last updated on 2022-11-25  




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This article is a step-by-step instruction on setting up a Zimbra with Let’s Encrypt certificates.

If you are running a multi server installation of Zimbra it is recommended you set-up a dedicated VM for obtaining the Let’s Encrypt certificate and follow the steps under Manual installation of Let’s Encrypt on Zimbra.

Prerequisites

This guide assumes you are using Ubuntu 20 and you have set up a correct hostname and DNS, to check run the following as user zimbra and verify zmhostname is the same as hostname --fqdn:

zimbra@le-test:~$ source ~/bin/zmshutil; zmsetvars
zimbra@le-test:~$ zmhostname
le-test.zimbra.tech
zimbra@le-test:~$ hostname --fqdn
le-test.zimbra.tech

Next you should have set up a CAA DNS record so that Let’s Encrypt can issue certificates for your domain, to check run the following and make sure 0 issue "letsencrypt.org" is in the output of the command:

zimbra@le-test:~$ sudo apt install -y net-tools dnsutils
zimbra@le-test:~$ dig +short type257 $(hostname --d)
0 issuewild "letsencrypt.org"
0 issue "letsencrypt.org"

Next check if Zimbra listens on port 80, Let’s Encrypt needs to be able to run a temporary webserver on port 80, so it can not be used by Zimbra. This is not an issue as most browsers now try https first. The following command should not have any output:

netstat -tulpn | grep ":80 "

In case your Zimbra is listening on port 80, you have to switch the proxy mode like this:

sudo su zimbra -
zmprov ms `zmhostname` zimbraReverseProxyMailMode https
zmprov ms `zmhostname` zimbraMailMode https
/opt/zimbra/bin/zmtlsctl https
/opt/zimbra/libexec/zmproxyconfig -e -w -o -a 8080:80:8443:443 -x https -H `zmhostname`

If you are having trouble setting up Zimbra you can use our automated installer that will take care of Let’s Encrypt also: https://github.com/Zimbra/zinstaller

Further reading:

Installing Certbot

Certbot in the Ubuntu repositories is too old and cannot be used for Zimbra. The newer version can be installed via snap or pip. Run below commands to install Cerbot and obtain a certificate:

apt install -y python3 python3-venv libaugeas0
python3 -m venv /opt/certbot/
/opt/certbot/bin/pip install --upgrade pip
/opt/certbot/bin/pip install certbot
ln -s /opt/certbot/bin/certbot /usr/local/sbin/certbot
/usr/local/sbin/certbot certonly -d $(hostname --fqdn) --standalone --preferred-chain  "ISRG Root X1" --agree-tos --register-unsafely-without-email --key-type rsa

Zimbra deployment

Create the following script that deploys the Let’s Encrypt certificate on Zimbra:

cat >> /usr/local/sbin/letsencrypt-zimbra << EOF
#!/bin/bash
/usr/local/sbin/certbot certonly -d $(hostname --fqdn) --standalone --manual-public-ip-logging-ok -n --preferred-chain  "ISRG Root X1" --agree-tos --register-unsafely-without-email --key-type rsa
cp "/etc/letsencrypt/live/$(hostname --fqdn)/privkey.pem" /opt/zimbra/ssl/zimbra/commercial/commercial.key
chown zimbra:zimbra /opt/zimbra/ssl/zimbra/commercial/commercial.key
wget -O /tmp/ISRG-X1.pem https://letsencrypt.org/certs/isrgrootx1.pem.txt
rm -f "/etc/letsencrypt/live/$(hostname --fqdn)/chainZimbra.pem"
cp "/etc/letsencrypt/live/$(hostname --fqdn)/chain.pem" "/etc/letsencrypt/live/$(hostname --fqdn)/chainZimbra.pem"
cat /tmp/ISRG-X1.pem >> "/etc/letsencrypt/live/$(hostname --fqdn)/chainZimbra.pem"
chown zimbra:zimbra /etc/letsencrypt -R
cd /tmp
su zimbra -c '/opt/zimbra/bin/zmcertmgr deploycrt comm "/etc/letsencrypt/live/$(hostname --fqdn)/cert.pem" "/etc/letsencrypt/live/$(hostname --fqdn)/chainZimbra.pem"'
rm -f "/etc/letsencrypt/live/$(hostname --fqdn)/chainZimbra.pem"
EOF

Set the correct permission, set up a cron job and run the deployment:

chmod +rx /usr/local/sbin/letsencrypt-zimbra
ln -s /usr/local/sbin/letsencrypt-zimbra /etc/cron.daily/letsencrypt-zimbra
/etc/cron.daily/letsencrypt-zimbra

Finally restart Zimbra to load the new certificate:

sudo su zimbra -c '/opt/zimbra/bin/zmcontrol restart'

The cron job will renew your certificate about 1 month prior to the expiration date, you need to manually restart Zimbra before the renewal date to load the new certificate.

Manual installation of Let’s Encrypt on Zimbra

Make sure to request a certificate with the --preferred-chain "ISRG Root X1" option. In case you already have a certificate but you have not used the option, you have to do a force renewal with the --force-renewal --preferred-chain "ISRG Root X1" options.

After you have received the certificate from Let’s Encrypt you can deploy it on Zimbra like this:

As user root or sudo:

cp /etc/letsencrypt/live/barrydegraaff.nl/privkey.pem /opt/zimbra/ssl/zimbra/commercial/commercial.key
chown zimbra:zimbra /opt/zimbra/ssl/zimbra/commercial/commercial.key
wget -O /tmp/ISRG-X1.pem https://letsencrypt.org/certs/isrgrootx1.pem.txt
cat /tmp/ISRG-X1.pem >> /etc/letsencrypt/live/barrydegraaff.nl/chain.pem

As user zimbra or sudo su zimbra -:

cd ~
/opt/zimbra/bin/zmcertmgr verifycrt comm /opt/zimbra/ssl/zimbra/commercial/commercial.key /etc/letsencrypt/live/barrydegraaff.nl/cert.pem /etc/letsencrypt/live/barrydegraaff.nl/chain.pem
/opt/zimbra/bin/zmcertmgr deploycrt comm /etc/letsencrypt/live/barrydegraaff.nl/cert.pem /etc/letsencrypt/live/barrydegraaff.nl/chain.pem

The output should be similar to:

root@zimbra9:~# su zimbra -
zimbra@zimbra9:/root$ /opt/zimbra/bin/zmcertmgr verifycrt comm /opt/zimbra/ssl/zimbra/commercial/commercial.key /etc/letsencrypt/live/barrydegraaff.nl/cert.pem /etc/letsencrypt/live/barrydegraaff.nl/chain.pem
** Verifying '/etc/letsencrypt/live/barrydegraaff.nl/cert.pem' against '/opt/zimbra/ssl/zimbra/commercial/commercial.key'
Certificate '/etc/letsencrypt/live/barrydegraaff.nl/cert.pem' and private key '/opt/zimbra/ssl/zimbra/commercial/commercial.key' match.
** Verifying '/etc/letsencrypt/live/barrydegraaff.nl/cert.pem' against '/etc/letsencrypt/live/barrydegraaff.nl/chain.pem'
Valid certificate chain: /etc/letsencrypt/live/barrydegraaff.nl/cert.pem: OK
zimbra@zimbra9:/root$ cd ~
zimbra@zimbra9:~$ /opt/zimbra/bin/zmcertmgr deploycrt comm /etc/letsencrypt/live/barrydegraaff.nl/cert.pem /etc/letsencrypt/live/barrydegraaff.nl/chain.pem
** Verifying '/etc/letsencrypt/live/barrydegraaff.nl/cert.pem' against '/opt/zimbra/ssl/zimbra/commercial/commercial.key'
Certificate '/etc/letsencrypt/live/barrydegraaff.nl/cert.pem' and private key '/opt/zimbra/ssl/zimbra/commercial/commercial.key' match.
** Verifying '/etc/letsencrypt/live/barrydegraaff.nl/cert.pem' against '/etc/letsencrypt/live/barrydegraaff.nl/chain.pem'
Valid certificate chain: /etc/letsencrypt/live/barrydegraaff.nl/cert.pem: OK
** Copying '/etc/letsencrypt/live/barrydegraaff.nl/cert.pem' to '/opt/zimbra/ssl/zimbra/commercial/commercial.crt'
** Copying '/etc/letsencrypt/live/barrydegraaff.nl/chain.pem' to '/opt/zimbra/ssl/zimbra/commercial/commercial_ca.crt'
** Appending ca chain '/etc/letsencrypt/live/barrydegraaff.nl/chain.pem' to '/opt/zimbra/ssl/zimbra/commercial/commercial.crt'
** Importing cert '/opt/zimbra/ssl/zimbra/commercial/commercial_ca.crt' as 'zcs-user-commercial_ca' into cacerts '/opt/zimbra/common/lib/jvm/java/lib/security/cacerts'
** NOTE: restart mailboxd to use the imported certificate.
** Saving config key 'zimbraSSLCertificate' via zmprov modifyServer zimbra9.barrydegraaff.nl...ok
** Saving config key 'zimbraSSLPrivateKey' via zmprov modifyServer zimbra9.barrydegraaff.nl...ok
** Installing imapd certificate '/opt/zimbra/conf/imapd.crt' and key '/opt/zimbra/conf/imapd.key'
** Copying '/opt/zimbra/ssl/zimbra/commercial/commercial.crt' to '/opt/zimbra/conf/imapd.crt'
** Copying '/opt/zimbra/ssl/zimbra/commercial/commercial.key' to '/opt/zimbra/conf/imapd.key'
** Creating file '/opt/zimbra/ssl/zimbra/jetty.pkcs12'
** Creating keystore '/opt/zimbra/conf/imapd.keystore'
** Installing ldap certificate '/opt/zimbra/conf/slapd.crt' and key '/opt/zimbra/conf/slapd.key'
** Copying '/opt/zimbra/ssl/zimbra/commercial/commercial.crt' to '/opt/zimbra/conf/slapd.crt'
** Copying '/opt/zimbra/ssl/zimbra/commercial/commercial.key' to '/opt/zimbra/conf/slapd.key'
** Creating file '/opt/zimbra/ssl/zimbra/jetty.pkcs12'
** Creating keystore '/opt/zimbra/mailboxd/etc/keystore'
** Installing mta certificate '/opt/zimbra/conf/smtpd.crt' and key '/opt/zimbra/conf/smtpd.key'
** Copying '/opt/zimbra/ssl/zimbra/commercial/commercial.crt' to '/opt/zimbra/conf/smtpd.crt'
** Copying '/opt/zimbra/ssl/zimbra/commercial/commercial.key' to '/opt/zimbra/conf/smtpd.key'
** Installing proxy certificate '/opt/zimbra/conf/nginx.crt' and key '/opt/zimbra/conf/nginx.key'
** Copying '/opt/zimbra/ssl/zimbra/commercial/commercial.crt' to '/opt/zimbra/conf/nginx.crt'
** Copying '/opt/zimbra/ssl/zimbra/commercial/commercial.key' to '/opt/zimbra/conf/nginx.key'
** NOTE: restart services to use the new certificates.
** Cleaning up 3 files from '/opt/zimbra/conf/ca'
** Removing /opt/zimbra/conf/ca/ca.key
** Removing /opt/zimbra/conf/ca/e50a23da.0
** Removing /opt/zimbra/conf/ca/ca.pem
** Copying CA to /opt/zimbra/conf/ca
** Copying '/opt/zimbra/ssl/zimbra/ca/ca.key' to '/opt/zimbra/conf/ca/ca.key'
** Copying '/opt/zimbra/ssl/zimbra/ca/ca.pem' to '/opt/zimbra/conf/ca/ca.pem'
** Creating CA hash symlink 'e50a23da.0' -> 'ca.pem'
** Creating /opt/zimbra/conf/ca/commercial_ca_1.crt
** Creating CA hash symlink '8d33f237.0' -> 'commercial_ca_1.crt'
** Creating /opt/zimbra/conf/ca/commercial_ca_2.crt
** Creating CA hash symlink '4042bcee.0' -> 'commercial_ca_2.crt'

Finally restart Zimbra as user zimbra or sudo su zimbra -:

zmcontrol restart

Using DANE

You have to use Certbot with the --reuse-key option, see https://blog.zimbra.com/2022/04/zimbra-skillz-enable-dane-verification-for-incoming-email-in-zimbra/

Using multiple https domains with SNI

Refer to: https://blog.zimbra.com/2022/06/zimbra-skillz-how-to-use-zimbra-with-multiple-https-domains-server-name-indication-sni/

Further reading


Verified Against: Zimbra Collaboration 9.0, 8.8 Date Created: 22/09/2022
Article ID: https://wiki.zimbra.com/index.php?title=Installing_a_LetsEncrypt_SSL_Certificate Date Modified: 2022-11-25



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