Difference between revisions of "GAL Sync Account"

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[[Category:Administration]]
 
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[[Category:ZCS 6.0]]

Revision as of 22:07, 1 February 2010

Description

Enabling a GAL sync account will permit browsing and paging of the global address list when selecting contacts during message composition with the Zimbra web client. Contact data from Zimbra's internal GAL and external sources can be synced to the account. The galsync account is a resource account and does not consume a Zimbra license.

To setup an account properly for sync, there must be

  • A GAL sync account
  • An internal or external datasource on the GAL sync account.

Setting Up Internal GAL Sync

For the internal setup, the internal datasource is automatically created when using the following steps.

Admin Console

  1. In the server admin console, select a domain for GAL sync under "Domains".
  2. Click "Configure GAL".
  3. Set "GAL mode:" "Internal".
  4. Enter a value for "Most results returned by GAL Search".
  5. Enter a new account name for "GAL sync account name".
  6. Set "Datasource" name to InternalGAL.
  7. Enter a GAL polling interval. The GAL polling interval is the time between syncs to the internal LDAP.
  8. Next, then Finish.
  9. To force sync, go to the CLI and use zmgsautil
zmgsautil forceSync -a galsync@domain.com -n InternalGAL

Command Line

zmgsautil createAccount -a galsync@domain.com -n InternalGAL --domain domain.com -t zimbra -f _InternalGAL
zmgsautil forceSync -a galsync@domain.com -n InternalGAL

Setting Up External GAL Sync

Every domain in the Zimbra installation can have a single Active Directory or external LDAP GAL configuration. The first external datasource for the galsync account will use the external LDAP or Active Directory GAL configuration. Additional datasources require the configuration for the external source to be within the datasource itself. For example, consider this external GAL configuration for AD:

## Get Domain
zmprov gd domain.com | grep -i gal
zimbraGalLdapBindDn: CN=galsync, OU=Service Accounts, OU=Servers, DC=Corp, DC=domain, DC=com
zimbraGalLdapBindPassword: thePassword
zimbraGalLdapFilter: ad
zimbraGalLdapPageSize: 1000
zimbraGalLdapSearchBase: DC=Corp, DC=domain, DC=com
zimbraGalLdapURL: ldap://ds1.corp.domain.com:3268
zimbraGalMaxResults: 100
zimbraGalMode: both
zimbraGalSyncInternalSearchBase: DOMAIN

## Get Datasource 
zmprov gds galsync@domain.com
# name ActiveDirectoryGAL
# type gal
objectClass: zimbraDataSource
objectClass: zimbraGalDataSource
zimbraCreateTimestamp: 20090728211318Z
zimbraDataSourceEnabled: TRUE
zimbraDataSourceFolderId: 257
zimbraDataSourceId: 4c94f205-43fb-4706-a13b-8ce64eadde4e
zimbraDataSourceName: ActiveDirectoryGAL
zimbraDataSourcePollingInterval: 1d
zimbraDataSourceType: gal
zimbraGalLastFailedSyncTimestamp: 20090818071009Z
zimbraGalLastSuccessfulSyncTimestamp: 20090925155938Z
zimbraGalStatus: enabled
zimbraGalType: ldap

The ActiveDirectoryGAL datasource uses the GAL configuration stored in the domain's GAL configuration attributes.

Admin Console

  1. Specify "GAL mode:" as one of "External" or "Both".
  2. Choose a datasource name. E.g., ActiveDirectoryGAL or ExternalGAL.
  3. Enter a polling interval.
  4. Specify "Server type" and configure the the rest of the external GAL settings.

Command Line

If the external GAL was configured on the command line, or is already configured without a datasource, zmgsautil can be used to setup the external LDAP datasource. If the galsync account is being created for the first time and external GAL is configured, the datasource will be setup with the zmgsautil createAccount command.

zmgsautil createAccount -a galsync@domain.com -n ExternalGAL --domain domain -t ldap -f _ExternalGAL

Adding Additional Datasources

Additional datasources are configured with the zmgsautil tool and the createAccount sub command. This creates an additional datasource on the galsync account and does not overwrite the account. Specific values for the datasource URL, bind DN, bind password and search base are then provisioned with zmprov.

  • Retrieve current datasources for the galsync account.
## Get Datasource 
zmprov gds galsync@domain.com
# name ActiveDirectoryGAL
# type gal
objectClass: zimbraDataSource
objectClass: zimbraGalDataSource
zimbraCreateTimestamp: 20090728211318Z
zimbraDataSourceEnabled: TRUE
zimbraDataSourceFolderId: 257
zimbraDataSourceId: 4c94f205-43fb-4706-a13b-8ce64eadde4e
zimbraDataSourceName: ActiveDirectoryGAL
zimbraDataSourcePollingInterval: 1d
zimbraDataSourceType: gal
zimbraGalLastFailedSyncTimestamp: 20090818071009Z
zimbraGalLastSuccessfulSyncTimestamp: 20090925155938Z
zimbraGalStatus: enabled
zimbraGalType: ldap
  • Optionally create a new contact folder in the galsync account to store the GAL with zmmailbox.
zmmailbox -z -m galsync@domain.com createFolder --view contact /_AnotherGAL
257
  • Add new datasource with zmgsautil createAccount.
zmgsautil createAccount -a galsync@domain.com -n AnotherGAL --domain domain.com -t ldap -f _AnotherGAL -p 1d
  • Configure the newly created AnotherGAL datasource with the proper server and authentication credentials. Not performing this step will result in the datasource inheriting the GAL configuration from the domain.
zmprov mds galsync@domain.com AnotherGAL \
zimbraGalSyncLdapBindDn uid=zimbra,cn=admins,cn=zimbra \
zimbraGalSyncLdapBindPassword thePassword \
zimbraGalSyncLdapFilter '(&(mail=*)(zimbraAccountStatus=active)(!(zimbraHideInGAL=TRUE)))' \
zimbraGalSyncLdapSearchBase dc=anotherdomain,dc=com \
zimbraGalSyncLdapURL ldap://ldap.anotherdomain.com:389 \
  • Finally, show all datasources for the galsync account.
zmprov gds galsync@domain.com 
# name ActiveDirectoryGAL
# type gal
objectClass: zimbraDataSource
objectClass: zimbraGalDataSource
zimbraCreateTimestamp: 20090728211318Z
zimbraDataSourceEnabled: TRUE
zimbraDataSourceFolderId: 257
zimbraDataSourceId: 4c94f205-43fb-4706-a13b-8ce64eadde4e
zimbraDataSourceName: ActiveDirectoryGAL
zimbraDataSourcePollingInterval: 1d
zimbraDataSourceType: gal
zimbraGalLastFailedSyncTimestamp: 20090818071009Z
zimbraGalLastSuccessfulSyncTimestamp: 20090925155938Z
zimbraGalStatus: enabled
zimbraGalType: ldap

# name AnotherGAL
# type gal
objectClass: zimbraDataSource
objectClass: zimbraGalDataSource
zimbraCreateTimestamp: 20090729085331Z
zimbraDataSourceEnabled: TRUE
zimbraDataSourceFolderId: 25212
zimbraDataSourceId: 1fb50a98-7168-4ade-98e0-fccd414047a2
zimbraDataSourceName: AnotherGAL
zimbraDataSourcePollingInterval: 1d
zimbraDataSourceType: gal
zimbraGalLastSuccessfulSyncTimestamp: 20090925124604Z
zimbraGalStatus: enabled
zimbraGalSyncLdapBindDn: uid=zimbra,cn=admins,cn=zimbra
zimbraGalSyncLdapBindPassword: thePassword
zimbraGalSyncLdapFilter: (&(mail=*)(zimbraAccountStatus=active)(!(zimbraHideInGAL=TRUE)))
zimbraGalSyncLdapPageSize: 100
zimbraGalSyncLdapSearchBase: dc=anotherdomain,dc=com
zimbraGalSyncLdapURL: ldap://ldap.anotherdomain.com:389
zimbraGalType: ldap

The server providing data to the AnotherGAL datasource just happens to be an external Zimbra server, but could be any other LDAP or AD. Be sure to use zimbraGALType ldap and not zimbra if the external LDAP is Zimbra. The zimbra GAL type is reserved for the internal GAL only.

External Contacts From Active Directory

Multiple datasources can be specified for external contacts which contain email addresses with domains not homed on any Zimbra servers; e.g., vendor accounts, outside affiliates, etc. As of this time of writing, external contacts for GAL can only be managed by external datasources. See bug 29697.

zmgsautil createAccount -a galsync@domain.com -n ExternalContactsGAL --domain domain.com -t ldap -p 1d
zmprov mds galsync@domain.com ExternalContactsGAL \
> zimbraGalSyncLdapBindDn zimbra@corp.domain.com \
> zimbraGalSyncLdapBindPassword thePassword \
> zimbraGalSyncLdapFilter "(&(objectClass=contact)(mail=*))" \
> zimbraGalSyncLdapSearchBase dc=corp,dc=domain,dc=com \
> zimbraGalSyncLdapURL ldap://ds1.corp.domain.com:3268 \

Troubleshooting

  • GAL paging or external GAL sync is not functioning with multiple datasources.

Verify zimbraDataSourceEnabled is not FALSE for any one datasource. If one datasource must be disabled, then it should be deleted.

  • GAL search skips the first external GAL DS in the galsync account.

Make sure zimbraGALMode is set to both on the domain. Remember, the first external DS on the galsync account inherits the external GAL settings configured for the domain. See bug 41321.

zmprov md domain.com zimbraGALMode both
  • GAL contains duplicate entries.

If multiple datasources are specified, galsync can grab duplicates if the search scope overlaps. Duplicates will not be reconciled. Open the galsync account from the admin console and find out which contact folders are holding the duplicated entry. Refine the search base on the datasource and force another sync with zmgsautil.

References

Forums: GAL Browsing
Bug 29697 External (non-Zimbra) addresses in GAL

Verified Against: ZCS 6.0.x Date Created: 09/30/2009
Article ID: https://wiki.zimbra.com/index.php?title=GAL_Sync_Account Date Modified: 2010-02-01



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