Deploy Zimbra Collaboration using docker

Revision as of 00:38, 27 March 2016 by Jorge de la Cruz (talk | contribs)

Deploy Zimbra Collaboration Server using Docker

   KB 21981        Last updated on 2016-03-27  

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Install Zimbra Collaboration Server and DNS Server with a Script, in a Single-Server, using Docker.


Before you start

This guide is not officially supported by Zimbra, as docker is not in the Operating System, or Virtualization Supported platforms in the System Requirements.

This guide is intended for testing platforms, development, etc.

What is Docker

From the official docker website - Docker is an open platform for developers and sysadmins to build, ship, and run distributed applications. Consisting of a Docker Engine, a portable, lightweight runtime and packaging tool, and Docker Hub, a cloud service for sharing applications and automating workflows, Docker enables apps to be quickly assembled from components and eliminates the friction between development, QA, and production environments. As a result, IT can ship faster and run the same app, unchanged, on laptops, data center VMs, and any cloud.

Advantages of using Docker and the ZimbraEasyInstall Script

  • Time saving
  • Fully automated
  • Easy to use
  • Great for a quick Zimbra Preview

Installing Docker

First you need to install Docker on the server that you would like to use as a host for the docker containers. For example, here the instructions to install docker in Ubuntu 14.04:

wget -qO- | sh

If you want to install Docker in a different platform, please follow the next guide -

One of the advantages of using docker is that the host OS does not matter, the containers will work on any platform.

Creating the Zimbra Image

The content of the Dockerfile and the is based on the next Script - ZimbraEasyInstall. The Dockerfile creates a Ubuntu Server 14.04 image and install on it wget, then when the container is launched, automatically starts with the script:

Using git

Download from github, you will need git installed on your OS

git clone
Using wget

For those who want to use wget, follow the next instructions to download the Zimbra-docker package. You might need wget and unzip installed on your OS


Build the image using the Dockerfile

The Makefile in the docker/ directory provides you with a convenient way to build your docker image. You might need make on your OS. Just run

cd zimbra-docker/docker
sudo make

The default image name is zimbra_docker. You can specify a different image name by setting the Image variable:

cd zimbra-docker/docker
sudo IMAGE=your_image_name make

You will see the next Steps:

docker build --rm -t zimbra_docker .
Sending build context to Docker daemon 15.87 kB
Step 1 : FROM ubuntu:14.04
 ---> 97434d46f197
Step 2 : MAINTAINER Jorge de la Cruz <>
 ---> Using cache
 ---> 10ba4509fbac
Step 3 : RUN apt-get update && DEBIAN_FRONTEND=noninteractive apt-get -y install   wget   bind9   bind9utils   bind9-doc   dnsutils   libidn11   libpcre3   libgmp10   libexpat1   libstdc++6   libperl5.18   libaio1   netcat-openbsd   pax   resolvconf   sqlite3   sudo   sysstat   unzip
 ---> Using cache
 ---> 8ddf2b3f5152
Step 4 : VOLUME /opt/zimbra
 ---> Using cache
 ---> a2a11a097507
Step 5 : EXPOSE 22 25 465 587 110 143 993 995 80 443 8080 8443 7071
 ---> Using cache
 ---> 0f8448cce51f
Step 6 : COPY opt /opt/
 ---> Using cache
 ---> c849df7c2a64
Step 7 : COPY etc /etc/
 ---> Using cache
 ---> 89b1ac2ee6c0
Step 8 : CMD /bin/bash /opt/
 ---> Using cache
 ---> e7eae07a0dfa
Successfully built e7eae07a0dfa

Deploy the Docker container

Now to deploy the container based on the previous image. As well as publish the Zimbra Collaboration ports, the hostname and the proper DNS, as you want to use bind as a local DNS nameserver within the container, also we will send the password that we want to our Zimbra Server like admin password, mailbox, LDAP, etc.: Syntax:



docker run -p 25:25 -p 80:80 -p 456:456 -p 587:587 -p 110:110 -p 143:143 -p 993:993 -p 995:995 -p 443:443 -p 8080:8080 -p 8443:8443 -p 7071:7071 -p 9071:9071 -h --dns --dns -i -t -e PASSWORD=Zimbra2015 zimbra_docker

This will create the container in few seconds, and run automatically the

  • Install a DNS Server based in bind9 and the dnsutils package
  • Configure all the DNS Server to resolve automatically internal the MX and the hostname that we define while launch the container.
  • Install the OS dependencies for Zimbra Collaboration 8.6
  • Create 2 files to automate the Zimbra Collaboration installation, the keystrokes and the config.defaults.
  • Launch the installation of Zimbra based only in the -s
  • Inject the config.defaults file with all the parameters that is autoconfigured with the Hostname, domain, IP, and password that you define before.

The script takes a few minutes, dependent on the your Internet Speed, and resources.

Access to the Web Client and Admin Console

The Script will take care of everything and after a few minutes you can go to the IP address of your server and use the following URLs:

Additional Content

Verified Against: Zimbra Collaboration 8.6, 8.5 Date Created: 05/21/2015
Article ID: Date Modified: 2016-03-27

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